Top IT Companies Cut Over 72000 Jobs in FY24: TCS, HCL, and Tech Mahindra Aim to Hire 56000 Freshers in FY25


The fiscal year 2024 has presented formidable hurdles for the Information Technology (IT) sector, characterised by unparalleled workforce reductions across the industry. This article delves into the rationales behind the extensive layoffs, their ramifications on employees, and the prospective trajectory for IT enterprises.

In the swiftly evolving realm of the IT sector, the fiscal year 2024 bore witness to significant shifts, particularly in employment trends. Major IT giants such as Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), HCL Technologies, and Tech Mahindra found themselves in need of restructuring, leading to a combined reduction of over 72000 jobs across various sectors. Nonetheless, amid these challenging times, there’s a glimmer of hope as these corporations gear up to hire approximately 56000 fresh talents in the fiscal year 2025.

Reasons Behind Job Reductions

Impact of Automation and AI

The rise of automation and artificial intelligence (AI) technologies has proven to be a two-edged sword for the IT industry. While it has streamlined processes and boosted efficiency, it has also displaced certain job roles now automated.

Economic Downturn

The global economic downturn, exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic, has compelled companies to reassess their expenditures and implement cost-cutting measures. This often translates into layoffs and downsizing across various sectors, including IT.

Company Restructuring and Cost-cutting Measures

In a bid to remain competitive and adapt to changing market dynamics, many IT companies have embarked on restructuring initiatives. This involves consolidating departments, outsourcing certain functions, and downsizing the workforce to optimise operational costs.

Effects of Job Reductions

Unemployment Rates in the IT Sector

The surge in job losses within the IT sector has contributed to a rise in the overall unemployment rate. Experienced professionals with years of expertise now find themselves competing for a limited number of job openings, intensifying competition and saturating the job market.

Employee Morale and Job Security Concerns

The pervasive uncertainty surrounding job security has taken a toll on the morale of employees within the IT industry. The looming fear of layoffs makes it challenging for individuals to focus on their work and contribute effectively to their organisations.

Impact on Families and Communities

Job losses not only affect individuals but also have a ripple effect on their families and communities. Financial instability, stress, and anxiety become prevalent, exacerbating social and economic challenges.

Initiatives by Companies

TCS’s Hiring Plans

TCS, one of the largest IT services companies globally, has outlined ambitious hiring plans for the fiscal year 2025. The company aims to onboard a significant number of fresh talent to support its expanding operations and meet client demands.

HCL’s Recruitment Strategies

HCL Technologies has been proactive in its approach to recruitment, focusing on identifying niche skill sets and talent pools to drive innovation and deliver value to its clients. The company’s emphasis on diversity and inclusion has also contributed to its hiring strategies.

Tech Mahindra’s Focus on Fresh Talent

Tech Mahindra, known for its innovative solutions and digital transformation initiatives, is keen on nurturing young talent. The company’s internship programmes and campus recruitment drives aim to attract the best and brightest minds in the industry.

Challenges for Freshers

Competing for Limited Job Opportunities

With a large number of experienced professionals vying for the same job openings, freshers face stiff competition in the job market. Standing out amidst the crowd requires a combination of relevant skills, networking, and perseverance.

Importance of Upskilling and Adaptability

In a rapidly evolving industry landscape, the importance of upskilling and adaptability cannot be overstated. Freshers must stay abreast of emerging technologies and trends to remain competitive and future-proof their careers.

Strategies for Standing Out in the Job Market

Building a strong personal brand, showcasing relevant projects and internships, and leveraging professional networks are essential strategies for freshers to differentiate themselves and land their dream jobs.

Government Policies and Support

Role of Government Initiatives in Job Creation

Various government schemes and incentives encourage job creation and entrepreneurship within the IT sector. Subsidies for startups, investment in infrastructure, and skill development programmes are instrumental in driving employment opportunities.

Skill Development Programmes

Skill development initiatives aimed at bridging the gap between industry requirements and workforce capabilities are crucial for empowering individuals with the skills needed to succeed in the digital age.

Encouraging Entrepreneurship in the IT Sector

Promoting a conducive environment for entrepreneurship and innovation fosters job creation and economic prosperity. Government support in the form of grants, incubation centres, and regulatory reforms stimulates the growth of startups and SMEs.

Future Outlook

Predictions for the IT Job Market in FY25

Despite the challenges posed by job reductions and economic uncertainties, the demand for skilled IT professionals is expected to remain robust. Emerging technologies such as cloud computing, cybersecurity, and artificial intelligence will drive demand for specialised skill sets.

Opportunities for Growth and Expansion

Digital transformation initiatives across industries present ample opportunities for IT companies to expand their service offerings and penetrate new markets. Companies that invest in innovation and talent development will be well-positioned to capitalise on these opportunities.

Importance of Industry Adaptability and Innovation

In an era of rapid technological advancement and market disruption, adaptability and innovation are paramount. Companies that embrace change, foster a culture of continuous learning, and prioritise customer-centricity will thrive in the evolving IT landscape.


While the job cuts in the IT industry have posed challenges, they have also spurred innovation and transformation. As companies navigate these turbulent times, optimism for the future prevails, fuelled by the resilience and ingenuity of the workforce. By investing in talent development, embracing emerging technologies, and fostering collaboration, the IT industry is poised to overcome challenges and chart a course towards sustainable growth and success.

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